This Lecture: In an ironic reversal of the Indus legacy, the next great era of Indian history is known through an enormous bounty of texts, but relatively little archaeological or material evidence. Grasp what the thousands of verses we have tell us about Vedic culture and religion. The Course: While most of us never stop to think about it, ancient civilizations are with us in almost everything we do. The ancient world has influenced our customs, religious beliefs, laws, governments, architecture, and art. Examine the ancient world's greatest civilizations and how they affect our world today. All Lectures: 1. Cities, Civilizations, and Sources 2. From Out of the Mesopotamian Mud 3. Cultures of the Ancient Near East 4. Ancient Egypt-The Gift of the Nile 5. Pharaohs, Tombs, and Gods 6. The Lost Civilization of the Indus Valley 7. The Vedic Age of Ancient India 8. Mystery Cultures of Early Greece 9. Homer and Indian Poetry 10. Athens and Experiments in Democracy 11. Hoplite Warfare and Sparta 12. Civilization Dawns in China-Shang and Zhou 13. Confucius and the Greek Philosophers 14. Mystics, Buddhists, and Zoroastrians 15. Persians and Greeks 16. Greek Art and Architecture 17. Greek Tragedy and the Sophists 18. The Peloponnesian War and the Trial of Socrates 19. Philip of Macedon-Architect of Empire 20. Alexander the Great Goes East 21. Unifiers of India-Chandragupta and Asoka 22. Shi Huangdi-First Emperor of China 23. Earliest Historians of Greece and China 24. The Hellenistic World 25. The Great Empire of the Han Dynasty 26. People of the Toga-Etruscans, Early Rome 27. The Crucible-Punic Wars, Roman Imperialism 28. The Death of the Roman Republic 29. Augustus-Creator of the Roman Empire 30. Roman Emperors-Good, Bad, and Crazy 31. Han and Roman Empires Compared-Geography 32. Han and Roman Empires Compared-Government 33. Han and Roman Empires Compared-Problems 34. Early Americas-Resources and Olmecs 35. Pots and Pyramids-Moche and Teotihuacǹ 36. Blood and Corn-Mayan Civilization 37. Hunter-Gatherers and Polynesians 38. The Art and Architecture of Power 39. Comparative Armies-Rome, China, Maya 40. Later Roman Empire-Crisis and Christianity 41. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire? 42. The Byzantine Empire and the Legacy of Rome 43. China from Chaos to Order under the Tang 44. The Golden Age of Tang Culture 45. The Rise and Flourishing of Islam 46. Holy Men and Women-Monasticism and Saints 47. Charlemagne-Father of Europe 48. Endings, Beginnings, What Does It All Mean?