This Lecture: Put empiricism to the test as the best way to acquire knowledge. Study the ideas of John Locke, George Berkeley, and David Hume, together with the response of Immanuel Kant, before settling on the most effective route to understanding the world as it is. The Course: We have all pondered seemingly unanswerably but significant questions about our existence - the biggest of all being, "Why are we here?" This course gives you the tools to follow and create logical arguments while exploring famous philosophers' viewpoints on these important questions. Join Plato, Descartes, Locke, Hume, Kant, Mill, Marx, and many others in an exploration of fundamental questions. All Lectures: 1. How Do We Do Philosophy? 2. Why Should We Trust Reason? 3. How Do We Reason Carefully? 4. How Do We Find the Best Explanation? 5. What Is Truth? 6. Is Knowledge Possible? 7. What Is the Best Way to Gain Knowledge? 8. Do We Know What Knowledge Is? 9. When Can We Trust Testimony? 10. Can Mystical Experience Justify Belief? 11. Is Faith Ever Rational? 12. Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? 13. What Is God Like? 14. How Could God Allow Moral Evil? 15. Why Would God Cause Natural Evil? 16. Are Freedom and Foreknowledge Compatible? 17. Do Our Souls Make Us Free? 18. What Does It Mean to Be Free? 19. What Preserves Personal Identity? 20. Are Persons Mere Minds? 21. Are Persons Just Bodies? 22. Are You Really You? 23. How Does the Brain Produce the Mind? 24. What Do Minds Do, If Anything? 25. Could Machines Think? 26. Does God Define the Good? 27. Does Happiness Define the Good? 28. Does Reason Define the Good? 29. How Ought We to Live? 30. Why Bother Being Good? 31. Should Government Exist? 32. What Justifies a Government? 33. How Big Should Government Be? 34. What Are the Limits of Liberty? 35. What Makes a Society Fair or Just? 36. What Is the Meaning of Life?